What is the Differences between the Internet and the Web(www)?

What is the web (World Wide Web)?

The World Wide Web also has an interesting history. It was a project of Sir Time Berners-Lee, then a consulting researcher at CERN, the European Organization for Nuclear Research. It came into being sometime around the end of 1990 when the world’s first browser was developed; the first web site was put online on the 20th of December 1990.

The world wide web exists only “digitally” – there is not hardware component to it. If I had to explain it in really simple terms, the web is just a network of web pages and the documents associated with them. Certain software like web servers may also be considered a part of the web. And that’s about it!

Also, email is NOT a part of the web. Though you may use a web browser to check your account, email itself is a part of the Internet and has little to do with the web. It also predates the world wide web by about two decades! (The modern email system as developed by Ray Tomlinson in 1971 and he also sent the first “true” email message).

What is the Internet?

The Internet is a global network of computers. Technically, it also consists of the cables and wires that interconnect the machines around the globe. So, for instance, the transatlantic cable that carries the electronic pulses is part of the Internet too.

Also, the Internet encompasses several networks – Email, Usenet, Newsgroups and, of course, the World Wide Web. Thus, the Internet is a “network-of-networks” with the web being just a part of it. (More on this in a bit).

It all started at ARPA, the Advanced Research Projects Agency, which was formed as a result of the US losing the “space race” to the Soviet Union. In order to facilitate communications between various machines at different locations, a network was developed. ARPANET, was starting point of the Internet. The first message was sent on 29th October 1969 by Charley Kline from a computer at UCLA to one at the Stanford Research Institute. The simple message had just five characters – “login”.

What are the important differences between the web (World Wide Web) and the Internet?

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